PPND - the Platform for Neolithic Radiocarbon Dates

 

38°14' N    41°15'' E   Download OxCal File

The radiocarbon dates of Hallan Çemi (Rosenberg, Redding 2000) reach far back into the Natufian (11100-9300 BC).[1] However, the oldest dates have such high deviations that they even cover the main occupational phase during the early Holocene. Although these early dates were not considered in the calibration, it must be kept in mind that there was in fact an occupation of the site before the Holocene. Two much later AMS-dates (Oxa 12878; Oxa 12879) possibly point to an early Neolithic settlement.

The main occupation of the site starts around 9660 BC and lasts until about 9320 BC.[2] It is relatively well dated on the basis of several charred seeds; but due to the plateau of the calibration curve these data are much elongated and it is not possible to shorten the time range. This phase might be a little older than the communal building of EA 47 (Niveau III Est) of Jerf el Ahmar, although both dates overlap slightly. It would be clearly older than the compartmented communal buildings of Mureybet IIIA and Jerf el Ahmar (EA 30, EA 7).

According to botanical and faunal remains and growth bands of fresh water clam (Unio tigridus) shell a year-round occupation of this early Holocene site is probable (Rosenberg et al. 1998).



[1] These dates were not calibrated because of their high standard deviation.

[2] It doesn’t matter whether the Beta radiocarbon dates are included in the sum or only those of the short-lived plants. The sum of all dates ranges between 9660-9570 (17.1%); and 9560-9320 (51.1%), and for the dates of the short-lived plants 9660-9570 (18.4%) and 9550-9330 (49.8%).

14C Dates

 Code  BP Dev. Δ13C Location material References
Beta-46647 10040 160 CH www.canew.org
Beta-46649 10800 220 CH www.canew.org
Beta-47211 10060 120 central activity area CH www.canew.org
Beta-47252 11700 460 CH www.canew.org
Beta-55049 10050 80 CH www.canew.org
Beta-55050 9840 50 CH www.canew.org
Beta-55051 10500 170 CH www.canew.org
Beta-55052 10590 170 CH www.canew.org
Beta-56102 10590 260 CH www.canew.org
Beta-66850 9510 200 CH www.canew.org
Beta-66852 9600 180 CH www.canew.org
Beta-66854 9930 110 CH www.canew.org
Beta-66855 10060 90 CH www.canew.org
Beta-66856 9870 110 CH www.canew.org
Beta-66858 10320 110 below house floor, fill CH www.canew.org
Beta-67462 10520 190 CH www.canew.org
Beta-67463 9890 90 CH www.canew.org
Beta-67464 10000 80 CH www.canew.org
OxA-12298 9980 60 2/6H 07 0979 S Pistacia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12299 10020 45 14/6G 12 1809 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12328 9960 45 1/5G 47 1034 S Pistacia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12329 10085 45 3/6H 100978 S Pisum/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12330 9980 45 4/5H 56 1145 S Amygdalus Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12331 9975 45 5/5H 57 1146 S Amygdalus Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12332 9935 45 6/6E 121652 S Pisum/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12333 10050 45 7/6E 17166 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12334 9970 45 8/5H 99 2049 S Scirpus maritimus Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12335 9995 40 9/5H 99 2046 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12336 10020 40 10/5G 72 2184 S Pistacia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12337 9965 40 13/6G 12 1803 S Pisum/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12338 9970 40 17/6F 07 1209 S Pisum/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12339 9955 40 18/6F 07 1215 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12340 9980 40 19/6F07 1218 S Amygdalus Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12341 10045 45 21/6F 07 1226-1227 S Amygdalus Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12769 10010 40 16/6F 07 1207 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12878 9535 75 12/6G 12 1802 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)
OxA-12879 9560 100 15/6G 12 1810 S Lathyrus/Vicia Higham et al. 2007 (online version)

 

 

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