PPND - the Platform for Neolithic Radiocarbon Dates

 

38°13'09'' N    39°43'45'' E   Download OxCal File

New investigations at Çayönü led to a reconsideration of the radiocarbon data and the dating of the round building and early grill plan phases (Erim-Özdoğan 2011:192-193). Although in 1988 (Aurenche / Calley 1988:19), the than oldest dates (GrN 5953: 9595 +/- 60 BP; GrN 8103 10430 +/- 80 BP; GrN 4458: 9520 +/- 100 BP) were dismissed as too old by the excavator, they are now accepted dating the round house building phase to the very begining of the Holocene. A precise dating of the round building phase is very difficult due to the large ranges of the radiocarbon data (GrN 19481: 10020 +/- 240; GrN 19482: 10230 +/-200) and the plateau of the calibration curve for the early Holocene (Benz et al. 2012).

Radiocarbon data for the later grill plan buildings all date to the transition from the early to middle PPNB or middle PPNB, although the older phase of the grill plan buidlings is said to date to the PPNA (Erim-Özdoğan  2011: 193, footnote 22).

The sum of the dates for the channel-building phase, 8630-8245 BC, covers the whole early period.On the basis of the radiocarbon dates the “basal pits” can be dated to the earliest time range and this early phase is clearly separated from the younger cobble-paved buildings (∑: 8250-7880 BC) and of the still younger cell-building sub-phase (7510-7350 BC).

The latest early Neolithic layer, starting after a hiatus of about 100 years, is the transitional phase between the cell- and large-room buildings (7140-6820 BC). There is only a very slight, if any, time overlap of Çayönü with the site of Jerf el Ahmar on the middle Euphrates.

14C Dates

 Code  BP Dev. Δ13C Location material References
GrN 10358 9180 80 Level r3 later layers round building. CH www.canew.org
GrN 10359 9050 40 Level r3, round building = Grill dates CH www.canew.org
GrN 10360 9300 140 later layers round building: CH www.canew.org
GrN 10361 9290 110 level r4, later layers round building: CH www.canew.org
GrN 13947 9240 50 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 13949 9205 45 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 14857 9155 35 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 14859 9170 50 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 14860 9040 35 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 14861 9090 50 Levels g1-4. GH, outdoor CH www.canew.org
GrN 14862 8920 130 cp1-3 CH www.canew.org
GrN 16462 9040 65 Levels g1-4. building GTc CH www.canew.org
GrN 16463 8040 60 nd EA floor CH www.canew.org
GrN 19481 10020 240 Level r1, Square 29M CH www.canew.org
GrN 19482 10230 200 Level r1, Square 30M CH www.canew.org
GrN 4458 9520 100 CH www.canew.org
GrN 4459 9200 60 CH www.canew.org
GrN 5953 9795 260 Base level? CH www.canew.org
GrN 5954 8055 75 nd fill CH www.canew.org
GrN 6241 9275 95 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 6242 8795 50 cp1-3 CH www.canew.org
GrN 6243 9320 55 "Basal Pits" CH www.canew.org
GrN 6244 8980 80 ch-1-4 CH www.canew.org
GrN 8078 8355 50 c1-3a-b CH www.canew.org
GrN 8079 9250 60 "Basal Pits" CH www.canew.org
GrN 8103 10430 80 "Base level"? CH www.canew.org
GrN 8819 8080 90 nd hearth CH www.canew.org
GrN 8820 8865 45 cp1-3 CH www.canew.org
GrN 8821 9175 55 "Basal Pits" CH www.canew.org
GrN13948 8910 50 cp1-3 CH www.canew.org
M 1609 8790 250 CH www.canew.org
M 1610 8570 250 CH www.canew.org
UCLA 1703 B 8340 250 B (Human) www.canew.org

 

 

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